Even the memory of the deportations from Italy was fragmented. At the end of the war, the return of deportees was a long and painful process: reintegration was made more complex by the difficulty of bearing witness.
The image of the brave and victorious partisans prevailed in the official narrative of the immediate post-war period but, as the decades passed, the public interest in political deportation grew.
In 2000, January 27th, the date of the liberation of Auschwitz, was chosen as a Remembrance Day for the victims of the Holocaust and for political and military deportees. This gave a new relevance to the victims of deportation, initiating many projects, such as the installation of stumbling stones throughout Europe, to remember all the victims of Nazi and Fascist persecution and extermination.
At a public level, however, the memory of racial deportation is more widespread than other memories. On the other hand, a national awareness process to acknowledge the Italian responsibility for the deportations, has been postponed once again.
Finally, the Italian Military internees (IMI), although there were so many of them and they were so significant, have become the subject of systematic studies only since the 1990s.
Finally, the stories of the Internati Militari Italiani, IMI (Italian Military Internee), although so numerous and significant, have been studied only recently.