A king fleeing the capital, the ambiguous figure of Pietro Badoglio, the military leaders abandoning an army in disarray, an entire state organisation collapsing. The armistice with the Anglo-Americans, announced on September 8th, 1943, was a crucial turning point in Italian history, the symbol of different experiences and fractured memories. Between the South, gradually liberated by the Allies, and the North, suffering the heavy German occupation, the armed Resistance developed.
There is little collective memory of what happened in the ‘Kingdom of the South’, and of the first efforts undertaken to build democracy.
The history of the Italian Social Republic (RSI) has been obscured, if not erased, leaving room for the private memory of veterans, moving from victimhood to nostalgia and resentment. The process leading to a collective awareness of the responsibilities of the RSI and its repressive activities, has certainly not been completed, and there is a common assumption that the RSI simply worked hand in hand with the German occupier, rather than acting indepedendently and autonomously.